|Inclusion of Youth
When young people are included in the workforce
and have control off their finances, they can
contribute to their families and communities in times
of economic distress.Youth inclusion in the
workforce can also have a positive impact on a
When different demographic groups, including
women, are politically included, policy can be
informed by a wider range of perspectives, creating
broad-based buy-in for decision-making. This can
positively influence collaboration and engagement
with a collective response to crisis.
|Access to Finance
When faced with a crisis, access to finance can keep
businesses and households afloat until the situation
When different demographic groups can participate
fully in political, economic, and social life, inequality is
reduced. The equitable access to vital services in
times of crisis can also prevent social tension and
influence collective response.
|Access to Economic Resources
When individuals and groups are able to participate
fully in the economic system, they are better able to
maintain sustainable livelihoods to support
themselves and their communities. Widespread
access to economic resources can also limit the
reaches of inequality in a society.
|Access to Employment
When there is widespread and equitable access to
employment in society, individuals share higher
standards of living. This can provide sustainable
support for families and communities in times of
|Protection Against Precarity
When precarity is low and access to social
protections are high, people are protected against
vulnerability and better able to cope with crises.
Social capital refers to institutional and interpersonal
trust measured against individualism. When disaster
strikes, countries with high interpersonal trust and
low individualism have a better chance of getting
organized and working together.
Social relations refers to horizontal networks that
exist between individuals and groups. When people
have a strong community support network, they are
better equipped to handle crises and maintain
|Confidence in National Institutions
Confidence in government institutions is crucial for
ensuring successful policy implementation. When
citizens have confidence in government institutions,
they are able and willing to access public services and
engage in political, social, and economic processes.
Finances refers to the level of financial liabilities
within a government's central economy. States with
fewer liabilities, such as low debt-to-GDP ratios,
stable domestic budgets, and low external debts, will
be able to regulate the economy and manage
economic shocks when they occur.
An effective government is able formulate and
implement sound policies and provide public
services. Effective governments gain credibility and
confidence in institutions from citizens.
|Disaster Risk Reduction
States with effective disaster risk reduction have
systematic efforts in place to analyze and reduce the
causal factors of disasters. By doing so, states are
able to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risk.
States with strong a public health system provide
reliable access to qualified health professionals and
safe, clean, and informed services. When public
health services are strong, communities are able to
prevent and respond to a range of diseases and other
threats to health.
When states are able to ensure affordable and
equitable access to quality education -- ranging from
primary to higher education -- individuals are able to
acquire useful and necessary skills and knowledge
that allow them to more meaningfully participate in
|Rule of Law
Rule of law is a set of established principles for
ensuring a just and orderly society. States with strong
rule of law are more equipped to enforce laws, bring
perpetrators to justice, and empower citizens to
hold their government accountable, as well.
|Freedom from Curruption
Corruption is the abuse of public office for private
gain and often is conducive to human rights abuses.
States that uphold freedom from corruption will gain
more credibility and trust from citizens, as well as be
able to develop a more stable and equitable
When individuals have access to quality and
affordable food and nutrition intake, their life
expectancy is longer, their health is better, and they
are more capable of participating actively in society.
When individuals have access to affordable and
quality education, they become more empowered to
find better jobs, provide better lives for themselves
and their communities, and have more agency to
make life choices.
When individuals have access to affordable and
quality health services and resources, they will have a
higher life expectancy and be able to participate
more fully in society and the economy.
When individuals have access to disposable income,
they can better manage their money and savings,
preparing them for times of economic distress.
|Environment and Ecology
Air pollution, exposure to chemicals, and hazardous
waste can cause illness, devastate ecosystems, and
make living conditions unsafe. When a country has
low pollution levels, it improves public health,
environmental quality, and the standard of living for
the most vulnerable people.
|Ocean and Fisheries Health
When oceans and their ecosystems are healthy, they
provide food, jobs, and are crucial for economic
growth. Additionally, healthy oceans help regulate the
climate and can protect coastal communities from
floods and storms.
The majority of the world's poor live in rural areas
and work in agriculture. When a country's
agricultural sector is productive, earnings rise, the
most vulnerable people's livelihoods are enhanced,
and food security improves.
Healthy terrestrial ecosystems are critical
components of rural livelihoods, providing both
subsistence and income. They are also essential for
preserving biodiversity, regulating water and climate
cycles, preventing erosion, controlling floods, and
maintaining soil fertility.
Biodiversity indicates thriving ecological conditions,
and provides natural environmental bulwarks
mitigating climate change impacts.
|Long-term Climate Stability
Amidst worsening climate change, a state's ability to
withstand turbulent weather forecasts are essential
to a population's security.
Renewable energy sources lessen a state's
dependence on fossil fuel, thereby reducing the
population's exposure to emissions and pollution,
potentially improving health.
Sufficient water supplies ensure agricultural
productivity, ensure a population's health and
well-being, and suggest ecological health.
Diverse trading partners, diverse specializations, and
diverse exports improve states' product
development, market penetration, and ability to
withstand sector-specific shocks.
A strong business environment within a fair
regulatory framework is conducive to individuals
recognizing new opportunities, mitigating potential
threats, and forecasting developments across
Innovative economies generate productivity while
applying new ideas and technologies that improve the
quality of goods and services.
Reliable infrastructure improves the productivity and
quality of domestic life (stable electricity, etc.) while
also easing transportation, overcoming physical
barriers to economic exchange, and saving travel
Alongside remittances, direct foreign investment can
impact growth positively through access to credit,
small business development, and increased
States that practice informed economic management
can manage economic shocks, maintain steady GDP
growth and macroeconomic stability, and remain
competitive in global markets.
When citizens engage and take action in their
societies, policies are likely to be more reflective of
the people's needs and leaders are more likely to be
When governments are accountable to their citizens,
they are likely to be more effective in their work.
Democratic structures are most successful when
they are composed of, managed by, and working for
the people of the nation. When such structures are
meticulously managed to offer each citizen an equal
opportunity and an equal voice, there is a greater
likelihood of adaptation and transformation from
|Human Rights and Civil Liberties
When populations enjoy freedom and their civil
liberties are guaranteed, they are more likely to
speak up when their governments and leaders aren't
performing. Widen civic spaces encourage
continuous improvement and make countries better
prepared in times of crisis.
Access to technology and information from diverse
sources prepares citizens for more constructive
discourse. Easy access to communication and
information technology can also improve transaction
speeds, supporting businesses, livelihoods, and the
economy as a whole.