Measuring Capacities and Capabilities
In 154 Countries




About SRI
The State Resilience Index (SRI) stands alongside the Fragile States Index (FSI), as a new tool to identify capacities and capabilities in countries under stress. Resilience is the extent to which a country can prepare, manage, and recover from a crisis, relative to the severity of that crisis.

Resilience in the World
"If a country is resilient, it will certainly experience a crisis at some point, but the intensity will be dampened. The effects will be contained. And the country will quickly recover after the crisis has passed."
Nate Haken, VP of Research and Innovation
"To promote resilience, it is not enough to build infrastructure and create jobs. ... For resilience, these must be developed in a way that does not create dependency on a single commodity export, a single trading partner, a single authority figure, a single energy source, a single monocrop, or single industry. Because if a shock hits that single point of failure, then crisis can cascade across the entire system, perhaps even leading to collapse."



When people are socially, economically, or politically included, they have less exposure to risk and vulnerability, are represented in decision making, and have access to public resources to mitigate and respond to crisis and disasters.

Social Cohesion
In addition to inclusion, a sense of solidarity is key to a resilient society. Kinship ties, sociocentrism, as well as social and political capital can create opportunities for generosity and collaboration, which is necessary to overcome a major crisis.

State Capacity
When the government has effective systems, and the trust and confidence of the population to act in the interest of the public good, then it has the flexibility to persuade and mobilize collective action when faced with crisis.

Individual Capabilities
When the average person has a stock of education, health, income, and food security, then when a crisis hits they will not be immediately rendered destitute and reliant on social protection services or external intervention to survive.

Environment and Ecology
Stable, regenerative ecosystems, water access, and clean energy are vital to health and livelihoods, as the world faces increasingly frequent and intense threats from climate change and extreme weather events.

Diverse and innovative economies with access to capital are less vulnerable to price shocks and supply-chain disruptions, and they recover more quickly after a disaster. For longer term economic resilience, infrastructure and high-quality economic management are necessary to compete in a changing global economy.

Civic Space
A healthy public square enables robust consultation, debate, dialogue, and consensus building so that the needs and grievances of individuals and communities can be addressed constructively. When faced with crisis, countries that have a stable social contract will generate accountability for leaders and buy-in by the general population to a national strategy.


The following table shows the inputs in each pillar and their definitions. The sub-pillar level is the most granular level to which public users can disaggregate the State Resilience Index.

PillarSub-pillarSub-pillar Description
Inclusion Inclusion of Youth When young people are included in the workforce and have control off their finances, they can contribute to their families and communities in times of economic distress.Youth inclusion in the workforce can also have a positive impact on a country's stability.
Political Inclusion When different demographic groups, including women, are politically included, policy can be informed by a wider range of perspectives, creating broad-based buy-in for decision-making. This can positively influence collaboration and engagement with a collective response to crisis.
Access to Finance When faced with a crisis, access to finance can keep businesses and households afloat until the situation stabilizes.
Group-based Inclusion When different demographic groups can participate fully in political, economic, and social life, inequality is reduced. The equitable access to vital services in times of crisis can also prevent social tension and influence collective response.
Access to Economic Resources When individuals and groups are able to participate fully in the economic system, they are better able to maintain sustainable livelihoods to support themselves and their communities. Widespread access to economic resources can also limit the reaches of inequality in a society.
Access to Employment When there is widespread and equitable access to employment in society, individuals share higher standards of living. This can provide sustainable support for families and communities in times of economic distress.
Protection Against Precarity When precarity is low and access to social protections are high, people are protected against vulnerability and better able to cope with crises.
Social Cohesion Social Capital Social capital refers to institutional and interpersonal trust measured against individualism. When disaster strikes, countries with high interpersonal trust and low individualism have a better chance of getting organized and working together.
Social Relations Social relations refers to horizontal networks that exist between individuals and groups. When people have a strong community support network, they are better equipped to handle crises and maintain community organization.
Confidence in National Institutions Confidence in government institutions is crucial for ensuring successful policy implementation. When citizens have confidence in government institutions, they are able and willing to access public services and engage in political, social, and economic processes.
State Capacity Finances Finances refers to the level of financial liabilities within a government's central economy. States with fewer liabilities, such as low debt-to-GDP ratios, stable domestic budgets, and low external debts, will be able to regulate the economy and manage economic shocks when they occur.
Government Effectiveness An effective government is able formulate and implement sound policies and provide public services. Effective governments gain credibility and confidence in institutions from citizens.
Disaster Risk Reduction States with effective disaster risk reduction have systematic efforts in place to analyze and reduce the causal factors of disasters. By doing so, states are able to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risk.
Public Health States with strong a public health system provide reliable access to qualified health professionals and safe, clean, and informed services. When public health services are strong, communities are able to prevent and respond to a range of diseases and other threats to health.
Education Outcomes When states are able to ensure affordable and equitable access to quality education -- ranging from primary to higher education -- individuals are able to acquire useful and necessary skills and knowledge that allow them to more meaningfully participate in society.
Rule of Law Rule of law is a set of established principles for ensuring a just and orderly society. States with strong rule of law are more equipped to enforce laws, bring perpetrators to justice, and empower citizens to hold their government accountable, as well.
Freedom from Curruption Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain and often is conducive to human rights abuses. States that uphold freedom from corruption will gain more credibility and trust from citizens, as well as be able to develop a more stable and equitable economy.
Individual Capabilities Food/Nutrition When individuals have access to quality and affordable food and nutrition intake, their life expectancy is longer, their health is better, and they are more capable of participating actively in society.
Education System When individuals have access to affordable and quality education, they become more empowered to find better jobs, provide better lives for themselves and their communities, and have more agency to make life choices.
Health When individuals have access to affordable and quality health services and resources, they will have a higher life expectancy and be able to participate more fully in society and the economy.
Wealth When individuals have access to disposable income, they can better manage their money and savings, preparing them for times of economic distress.
Environment and Ecology Pollution Air pollution, exposure to chemicals, and hazardous waste can cause illness, devastate ecosystems, and make living conditions unsafe. When a country has low pollution levels, it improves public health, environmental quality, and the standard of living for the most vulnerable people.
Ocean and Fisheries Health When oceans and their ecosystems are healthy, they provide food, jobs, and are crucial for economic growth. Additionally, healthy oceans help regulate the climate and can protect coastal communities from floods and storms.
Agricultural Productivity The majority of the world's poor live in rural areas and work in agriculture. When a country's agricultural sector is productive, earnings rise, the most vulnerable people's livelihoods are enhanced, and food security improves.
Ecosystem Health Healthy terrestrial ecosystems are critical components of rural livelihoods, providing both subsistence and income. They are also essential for preserving biodiversity, regulating water and climate cycles, preventing erosion, controlling floods, and maintaining soil fertility.
Biodiversity Biodiversity indicates thriving ecological conditions, and provides natural environmental bulwarks mitigating climate change impacts.
Long-term Climate Stability Amidst worsening climate change, a state's ability to withstand turbulent weather forecasts are essential to a population's security.
Clean Energy Renewable energy sources lessen a state's dependence on fossil fuel, thereby reducing the population's exposure to emissions and pollution, potentially improving health.
Water Availability Sufficient water supplies ensure agricultural productivity, ensure a population's health and well-being, and suggest ecological health.
Economy Diversification Diverse trading partners, diverse specializations, and diverse exports improve states' product development, market penetration, and ability to withstand sector-specific shocks.
Business Environment A strong business environment within a fair regulatory framework is conducive to individuals recognizing new opportunities, mitigating potential threats, and forecasting developments across marketplace sectors.
Dynamism/Innovation Innovative economies generate productivity while applying new ideas and technologies that improve the quality of goods and services.
Physical Infrastructure Reliable infrastructure improves the productivity and quality of domestic life (stable electricity, etc.) while also easing transportation, overcoming physical barriers to economic exchange, and saving travel time.
Capital Flows Alongside remittances, direct foreign investment can impact growth positively through access to credit, small business development, and increased employment.
Economic Management States that practice informed economic management can manage economic shocks, maintain steady GDP growth and macroeconomic stability, and remain competitive in global markets.
Civic Space Engagement When citizens engage and take action in their societies, policies are likely to be more reflective of the people's needs and leaders are more likely to be accountable.
Accountability When governments are accountable to their citizens, they are likely to be more effective in their work.
Democratic Structures Democratic structures are most successful when they are composed of, managed by, and working for the people of the nation. When such structures are meticulously managed to offer each citizen an equal opportunity and an equal voice, there is a greater likelihood of adaptation and transformation from crisis.
Human Rights and Civil Liberties When populations enjoy freedom and their civil liberties are guaranteed, they are more likely to speak up when their governments and leaders aren't performing. Widen civic spaces encourage continuous improvement and make countries better prepared in times of crisis.
Information Access Access to technology and information from diverse sources prepares citizens for more constructive discourse. Easy access to communication and information technology can also improve transaction speeds, supporting businesses, livelihoods, and the economy as a whole.